i. contains: law books, Ramayana & Maabharata,  Puranas, aqamas, sultras,and the bhakti (devotions to gods), ii. Self-authenticating quality with a unique power over the lives of men. The acts of worship at the temples is called puja  which seeks the aid of a god to help one escape samsura. : The chart below compares selected religion characteristics such as prophets, adherents, founders, origination date, deity names, afterlife, path to redemption, place of worship, holy … The authority of the Bishop of Constantinople. moksha may be obtained by fulfilling one’s familial and social duties and ultimately overcoming bad karma accrued. Judaism Buddhism Christianity God reached out to the Abraham and told him to leave his village and start s colony in Canaan. The Analects – The sayings of Confucius, collected by his followers. He put these works into 4 books and wrote the 5th one himself. The mind and personality are extensions of the body and therefore cease to exist when the body dies. A Jewish man born of a virgin girl named Mary by the power of the Holy Spirit. sruti – all that is heard; smriti – all that is remembered, iii. The biblical account of Almighty God is that He is the creator of ALL planets and ALL stars, and all things seen and unseen (including the planets and the star named Kolob if such a star existed). Orthodox – Traditionalists who are united in their upholding of the Law and in their belief in the historical event of revelation at Sinai. at the grave, as an act of filial piety then became “ancestor worship”. According to EB Tylor, the animist believes in a spirit world that is arrived at via a spirit’s journey after leaving the body. Mormonism. Supposed to have great power if the key were ever found. Tao – Chuang Tzu when asked about his reaction to his wife dying: “I realize that originally she had no life; and not only no life, she had no form; not only no form, she had no material force. (c.f. Not only does religion provide ethical and moral values, but also acts as a cultural system and often gives people a sense of order in existence. Huxley (founded name 'agnostic' ), a. David Hume (1711-1776) – British empiricist ‘We do not know for sure: we are agnostic’, "Belief is not to be confused with ultimate truth, which is unknowable.". Members in both cults deny that they are in a cult in a similar fashion as the members of Jim Jones following in the '70s. He believed that men were supposed to live simple lives without honor and without a fruitless desire for knowledge. Those that die without receiving Jesus’ death on the cross as payment for their sins personally, will have made a conscious choice to reject Him forever, sealing their own fate of eternal separation from God (all things even remotely ‘good’ or ‘pleasurable’) and will have, in their rejection of God’s goodness and ultimate eternal gift, accepted a position in torment called ‘hell’. His grandson Jacob had 12 sons which each were to be multiplied into their own tribe forming a common bond of Hebraic people. 1. Do not commit adultery 4. Shudras – laboring class “bottom feeders”. They basically believe in the supierority of the black race and that all white men are the devil and they believe in a different version of Allah and Mohammad the prophet which is why they are considered a cult by many Muslims. But he mysteriously disappeared only a few years after appointing an unemployed auto worker, Elijah Poole, who renamed himself Elijah Mohammad, as his primary spokesman. b. Talmud – Not “scripture” but VERY highly regarded Jewish library of oral law and tradition consisting of Mishnah (oral law in general to be distinguished from scripture) and Gemara (commentary based upon the Mishnah). Do not drink intoxicants or take drugs. c. Midrash – like the Talmud in terms of authority – is a commentary on the Torah and rest of Jewish scriptures. Religion: More Similarities Than Differences. Kill no living thing 2. a. primarily combines Mahayana Buddhism and Tibetan Animism (Occultism). The evil spirits can not be appeased and therefore, the help of a shaman is required to cast the evil spirit out of an individual and ultimately out of the community. Religious forms and ideas of our fathers are inadequate. 2. iii. "The primary thing in Judaism is 'doing', is action, is deed, is mitzvah. N.T. 2. – 27 books consisting of the 4 gospel accounts of Jesus life, ministry, passion, and resurrection, acts of the 12 apostles, and epistles (letters of instruction, encouragement, exhortation, and training) from the Apostle Paul, Peter, John, Jude, and James (the half-brother of Jesus), iii. During the holocaust, which was a brutal attack on Jewish people led by Adolfo Hitler, most Jewish people were forced out of their homes. Because only the mitzvah makes the world a little less dissonant between what it is and what it ought to be.the whole programme of Judaism, the project of the Torah, is tikkun olam in the precise sense 'mending a fragmented, fractured, world'. Christians will rule and reign with Jesus, the King of Kings and will be given tasks and authority to even judge angels. A ‘happy medium’ between Orthodox and Reformed Judaism, founded in the 19th century. Encourage groups to think about how they will share their information with the whole class. a. Both have numerous gods. Taoism - living to join the impersonal force 'Tao' Joined two religious systems: ancient civilization (animist) in the Indus River Valley (3000 BC) and their own religious beliefs as they began to invade northern India appx. a. 04/11/2012 08:55 am ET Updated Jun 11, 2012 Humans always have seemed to prefer one race over another. By NSRK Ravi BELIEF ISLAM CHRISTIANITY God: Only one god – called Allah: Only one God – a triune being called God or Yahweh Jesus: A … by Vaughn Aubuchon: This major religion comparison table includes Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, and Buddhism. *** Please note, on this family tree you will not find groups like Christian Science, Jehovah's Witnesses, and Mormons/LDS belief systems. Karma is ultimately a perpetuation of evil and doesn’t solve it. d. Moses – acted as spokesman, ruler, and spiritual leader to the Hebrews and led them out of Egyptian captivity. Confucius always taught the honoring of ancestors and ancient rituals but there is no view of life after death. This chart is a simplification of various groups and their beliefs. The caste system and the laws of karma make social reform or improvement nearly impossible. These similarities are so strong and basic, it’s a wonder that there are any tensions between the two! You can click on the major sections on each chart you build, in order to see more detailed comparisons. b. Ludwig Feurbach (1804-1872) postulated the idea of God arose as a result of men desiring to have some sort of supernatural Being as an explanation for their own existence and the events they observed around them. Protestant and Orthodox Christianity rejects the idea of the inerrancy of the Catholic church and its Pope and therefore rejects these writings as authoritative. d. Jean-Paul Sartre (1905-1981) argued that man not only creates his own destiny, each man has only himself as the sole justification for his existence, e. Karl Marx - was greatly influenced by both Engels and Feurbach and authored “Communist Manifesto” and "Das Kapital", Key influencers of agnosticism - T.H. Secularist/Non Religious - Synonimous with types named above, however, is a term used by some who consider themselves a variant of the above but would not categorize themselves necessarily as either agnostic or atheistic in belief. Comparison Of Two Religions. c.f. Buddhism). Key virtue is wisdom; religion is a full-time job (mostly for monks); Eschews ritual Prayer is meditation and vice versa. The Book of Ceremonies (Li Chi) Taught man to act in an honorable way like the ancients (an important value to Confucius). The charts below are intended to start answering those questions. c. Charles Darwin - a theologian (not a naturalist) authored  “Origin of the Species” which was largely based on his grandfathers book “Zooinomia”; Humanist Manifesto (1933) – “Humanism is the faith in the supreme value and self-perfectability of human personality. b. Immanuel Kant (1724- 1804) – a theist who believed it was impossible to know reality. a. Theravada – Tripitaka “The Three Baskets” of scripture sometimes called the Pali canon and is 11 times the size of the Bible. i. The Vedas (knowledge or wisdom) 1400 BC – 500 AD  comprised of the mantras (hymns of praise), brahmanas (guide for ritual rites),  and the Upanishads (teachings on religious truth or doctrine). The primary leaders were Elijah Mohammad (considered a prophet), Malcolm X who was a charismatic outspoken proponent for the nation of Islam who was murdered by Elijah Mohammad's men as a result of Malcolm's discovery and subsequent complaints of Elijah's impropriety with women in the movement. Says we “do not” know. The Universe is self-existing and not created. Everything that happens, happens because He willed it. • Does religion cause cooperation or conflict? v. The Anals of Spring and Autumn (Ch’un Ch’iu) Commentaries written by Confucius on the state of Lu during Confucius time. Until that time comes, The Father will continue to use the difficulties and hardship in this world to bring about a greater good in people. b. a. The more the Hindu overcomes evil in his/her own life, the better chance of being reincarnated in a higher caste and eventually achieving enlightenment – the knowledge that there is no ‘self’ just ‘brahman’. i. All things emanate from the Tao (The Way) which is an “impersonal force”. Whatever caste you were born into  is the one you die in. Ultimately, this life is all there is, when we die it all ends according to the atheist. Says we “can not” know. Rabi Maharaj, a former Hindu Brahman priest, points out that ultimately, Hindu society is supposed to be progressing and getting better  after thousands of years of this karma practice. When people suffer, either it is they are being punished because they did wrong or, if they are innocent, it is to purge them, to purify them, to teach them sympathy or compassion or serenity. The Reformation Martin Luther – 1517 nailed his 95 thesis to the door at Wittenberg outlining the unbiblical practices and disagreements with Catholic doctrine, resulted in the first Protestant denomination "Lutheran". The Five Classics – Wu Jing - collected manuscripts of the ancients which Confucius edited and annotated with commentaries. – Shantung Province, China. Confucianism does not solve the problem of evil, it is simply a rigid code of behavior as a method of tolerating or avoiding evil but there was never a solution offered to solve the problem of evil. For 1 Billion Christians (Catholics), there are additional books of the Bible that are accepted as scripture but were so accepted outside of the historic canonization process and are therefore rejected by Protestant Christianity. 1. The King then formed his own national denomination called the Church of England or "Anglican" church. Man is the product of his society and upbringing and his morals arise from that which was nurtured in him. There is no ‘heaven’ or ‘salvation’. In fact, there are rich similarities that both religions share. endstream endobj 670 0 obj <>stream Although religion and philosophy may have similarities, they also have differences. Similarities: Both are Dharmic religions. Man is a result of a continuous natural process. Arose from polytheism of Arabia, specifically Mecca of Mohammad's time, whereby Mohammad declared Allah as the only god to be worshipped and all other gods declared idols. Religion is a set of morals, principles, rules, and ethics, whereas philosophy is more of searching for the ultimate truth, life, and knowledge (Julita, 2017). They were in the cold with no where to go because their house was in unlivable conditions or the house itself was reduced to crumbles or ash or there were anti-Semitic rallies going on. Both religions believe that God gave man free will so that he could be responsible for his actions. Oddly enough, both LDS and JWs consider each other cults. a. The Doctrine of the Mean – details the relationship of man to the universal order. (II Tim. ii. 3. Perhaps the similarities between sects are not surprising but the similarities between major world religions would be. c. He became disgusted with idolatry and desired to rid Arabia of polytheism. b. “Father of Faith” was greatly multiplied and his sons greatly multiplied all of which adhered to a “Hebrew” faith of monotheistic faith in One God and no other (revolutionary for the time). Cause of pain - Cravings: the cause of rebirth, combined with pleasure and lust – for passion, existence, non-existence etc. and the laws of karma make social reform or improvement nearly Determined at birth by family, and/or by personal karma. Once Moksha is attained, the Hindu goes into a being non-being state of oneness with all the universe (Brahman) or it is  believed that the Hindu has a closer and more personal relationship to a particular god. i. Vinaya Pitaka – discipline basket. a. c. Ultimately, man is in a constant state of evolutionary development and will continue to improve and solve problems in his life and the world as he looks to himself and not an imaginary god or superstitious ‘outmoded’ faith. He never necessary declared belief in or taught of a heaven. a. focuses on race and culture issues of Judaism, neglecting or avoiding Jewish religious issues. Through self-effort man improves his situation and eventually, a great judgement day, a. Judgement day, one’s good works must outweigh the bad in order to go to paradise. a. Moksha - The process by which a Hindu achieves true salvation - escaping the cycle of reincarnation and becoming “one with all things seen and unseen” (Brahman). Sutta Pitaka – teaching basket. Truth of pain – Dukkha In the five components of existence (birth, old age, sickness, death, emotion (sorrow etc. c.  The Taoist looks for ways to find harmony between the opposites of life: The Yin and Yang but ultimately  has no way to solve the problem of evil due to its passivity and emphasis on withdrawing from the ills of society. One cannot improve his/her social position because it is contrary to the caste system. Man’s goal is the development of his own personality, which ceases to exist at death, 8. i. the “New Testament” of Hinduism which records a conversation between the prince Arjuna and his charioteer Krishna (the incarnation of the god Vishnu) condoning personal devotion to deity. Called “conservative” because it sought to ‘conserve’ Jewish tradition, not because this sect is particularly social or politically ‘conservative’. a. Back to religion Library. a. have no sacred scriptures for use in teachings but accept any writings Buddhist or not, Humanism, Atheism, Agnosticims in their most recent form, a. George W. F. Hegel (1770-1831) “God was dependent upon the world at least as much as the world was dependent upon God, for without the world, God would not be God. Carmody and Carmody write, “Brahman, of course, is impersonal, whereas most monotheistic religions conceive their deities on the model of the human personality.” [6] Nigosian writes, “Brahman is Absolute Reality, which transcends time, space, and causality. a. Lao Tzu “Old Philosopher” – a lower level ruler in China like Confucius would be (He was possibly a contemporary of Confucious). h�l�O��0�磼��i�eQă�N��®���Q��$=�W_#-�xÛd�' ���ER���a^d�d0I�u�^�"�&/��廒Y�t�)��ס����s�'F���Y�:��;4R����pD�=,ڬ9.M)�ї���7��IY���j�~�S���pfa�A���0,Q�2ܰgk����ۛ��g�=�����R��k= ��Z� �� Islam. This ignorance can be dispelled and sorrow removed by observing the following 4 truths: "Four jewels of Buddhism". Get Your Custom Essay on Similarities and Differences Chart Get an essay WRITTEN FOR … He felt it dangerous to delve into study of the supernatural so the question has remained open for 2500 years to his followers. All mankind deserves to share in the fruits from following the above tenets. a. Confucianism attempts to solve the problem of evil by teaching people to adhere an ethical code which will bring about a more fulfilling life. Philosophical Taoism began around 300 BC; Religious Taoism began 2nd century BC. b. Brahman - Until Moksha is attained there is no afterlife…just “life after life after life”. b. Trinity: One God in three persons - Father, Son (Jesus), & Holy Spirit. The Analects teach that Confucius believed that if there was indeed a heaven, it was on his side regarding the principles he taught. The Chinese canon alone is nearly 5000 volumes. hެ�A These are the teaching as passed down from Joseph Smith. The Jews were the chosen people of God and are still waiting for the messiah, or savior. 6. Intelligence and will, bring the good life (fulfilled dreams) about. Article 5 of 5, b. Jihad – holy war – If a Muslim dies in a jihad he/she has immediate access to paradise. Three possible paths to moksha: i. karma yoga – The way of works. contains Buddhist theology. They pushed the Muslims to … contains rules forr the higher class, ii. This has been going on since the first man acquired thinking skills and was able to sort people into groups based on their physical features. Catholic Christianity, 1. Vaisyas – merchant or farmer class follows the Kshatriyas, iv. c.f. They believe that ignorance fosters the belief that a rebirth is necessary and therefore one is at the mercy of this ignorance and subsequent rebirths until this ignorance is dispelled. Comparison table of the three major Abrahamic religions Judaism. Christianity is a religion of narrative, of prophecy, of human failing and human glory. Taoism - goal is to be one with Tao, the impersonal force of the universe. i. the “later” Vedas which reflect the development of Pantheism: Brahman also the concept of “Atman is Brahman”; and maya the creation of the unreal. As a brief guide of the similarities and differences of Islam, Judaism and Christianity, the following chart compares the statistics, origins, history and religious beliefs of these three great monotheistic faiths. This has also been referred to by some Hindus as “Nirvana” (c.f. He was touted as being the Christian Messiah and the Muslim 'Mahdi' (Redeemer). 5. (c.f. The Koran supercedes all other revelations and is Allah’s final word to man. For many decades now, there has been an ongoing debate about the differences between science and religion, and the issues that set them apart from one another.While many renowned scientists, philosophers and scholars have extensively contrasted the two schools of thought time and time again, there has been little discussion comparing the similarities they share. i. Bahmins – are the priestly class and the highest order in the caste system. d. The Koran (Quoran). b. These additional books are commonly referred to as the "Apocrypha" which means "the hidden". Mormonism and the 'Book of Mormon'. This "Big Religion Chart" is our attempt to summarize the major … 2nd only to the Brahmins. There is no need of salvation as man is basically good and the supernatural (including the afterlife) does not exist. c. Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900) taught that since God does not exist, man must devise his own way of life. 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